In case a dowry case has been filed against a man; he needs to defend himself by filing a defense case. He has to prove that he is not guilt of taking dowry. If he says that he has not demanded dowry, then it has to be proved by him. Under the dowry prohibition act, taking dowry is a crime. If a husband takes dowry, it will be like a sales consideration where he is like a commodity being sold.

If a wife claims that the husband bought a car or other items with the dowry money, then he must prove that he purchased them using his own money. But if evidence is produced by the wife against the husband and he does not disprove it, then he will be convicted as per the dowry prohibition act. His punishment depends on the gravity of the situation. If evidence is not given against him, then he will be acquitted.

Also according to section 8a, where any person is prosecuted for taking or abetting the taking of any dowry under Sec. 3, or the demanding of dowry under Sec. 4 the burden of proving that he had not committed an offence under those sections shall be on him.

According to the dowry prohibition act, ‘If any person, gives or takes or abets the giving or taking of dowry, he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than five years, and with the fine which shall not be less than Rs 15,000 or the amount of the value of such dowry, whichever is more. Provided that the Court may, for adequate and special reasons to be recorded in the judgment, impose a sentence of imprisonment for a term of less than five years.

— As told to Ikyatha Yerasala